Murder, manslaughter, rape, robbery, and kidnapping are serious crimes
These offences are deemed the most serious crimes with severe penalties imposed on conviction. What is common with these crimes is that all involved unlawful acts against persons.There are also lesser crimes which are also punished under Australian crime laws.
These are the domestic violence, identity theft, fraud, tax evasion, money laundering and others. The penalties imposed on these crimes are less severe compared with serious crimes.
The penalties imposed by the Courts on criminal offenders are: monetary penalties and charges, imprisonment, periodic and home detention, as well as good behavior probations and community service. In the determination of the sentence to be imposed, reference to State and Commonwealth Acts are done by the Court. This is why, on similar offences or the same offences, decisions vary on each state.
Although fines as penalty are common for certain offences within a given state, monetary penalties are seldom imposed except in white collar offences involving money. Crimes wherein monetary penalty are imposed are exemplified by embezzlement, tax evasion, cybercrime, money laundering, fraud, identity theft, and inside trading.
In Australia, aside from the penalty imposed, the convicted offender is also required to pay or reimburse the other party for whatever expenses he or she has incurred.
In the imposition of fines, units are used wherein one unit is equivalent to $110. The maximum amount of fines imposed depends on what type of crime was committed as provided by crime laws in Australia and these must be strictly followed.
There are also lesser crimes wherein certain government agencies are the offended party and may levy other charges against the offender.
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Disclaimer : This article is just a summary of the subject matter being discussed and should not be regarded as a comprehensive legal advice for you to defend yourself alone. If you are charged with criminal offences, it is recommended that you seek legal assistance from criminal lawyers.