Every day new techniques of deceiving people, bluffing people and many more these sorts of offenses are evolving from people’s mind.
As definition says, property is something that is moveable, and that has some specific value, no matter how small it is. Larceny means to take the possession of others’ property illegally and without the original owner’s consent. In order to charge anyone for stealing property, the prosecution needs to prove that the properties were actually stolen and the owner is unknown.
There must also be a proof about the fact that the person accused of stealing had the full intention of stealing and to fully deprive the owner from his property. Now whether an offense of stealing will fall under the category of dishonesty or not, solely depends on the current life standards of ordinary people and how dishonesty is defined to them.
There are some other facts also regarding this type of offense. The offense must be occurred just at the time the accused had the intention. Therefore, if the taking is somehow done first and later on the intention grew, then of course that will not suffice.
Again, if anybody founds some other’s property abandoned in some place then obviously he’ll not be charged for stealing as the owner already had abandoned his property. And if later on any owner claims it, then that will not suffice also. So, if anybody hides something under his land and then somehow the land is sold to another person and the new owner founds it, then the new owner of land will rightfully be the owner of that hidden property.
These kinds of offenses are mainly related to money. And also, if any other kind of property is to given to a new owner and before giving that officially, the new owner somehow gets or takes it
without the consent of the previous owner then that will be a fraudulency.
Another kind of offense is a false pretense which happens when a person obtains others’ property because of a false promise. Well, a false promise about any future intention is not at all any false pretense. It is rather a willfully false promise.
It is also a dishonesty to obtain any property or any kind of financial advantage by deception. There are several forms of these deceptions such as expired credit card using, false transactions etc.
Robbery and burglaries are intentional stealing offenses while blackmail means by knowing some sort of sensitive information about somebody and frightening him by threatening to tell the information everyone, forcing that person to give money or property or whatever the accused needs from that person. Carjacking and breaking and entering also lies under this type of offense.
Penalty can be maximum 10 years or 14 years or even a 20 years’ imprisonment.
Receiving is an offense which means receiving any good that has been stolen from its actual owner and the person accused knew about that steal. The maximum penalty for this can be 10 years. But if the property is any part of motor vehicle, then the penalty will be for 12 years. Similarly having illegal goods in custody is also an offense which carries a penalty of &550 and a 6 month.
The possession of any implement used in any offense carries a penalty of maximum 7 years’ imprisonment.
Disclaimer : This article is just a summary of the subject matter being discussed and should not be regarded as a comprehensive legal advice for you to defend yourself alone. If you are charged with criminal offences, it is recommended that you seek legal assistance from criminal lawyers.