To explain in simple terms, the rules of evidence govern what information is all about to be able to place before a court for determination of an issue. These rules influence how a party goes about proving its case in court and seeking justice.
Hence, even if you are a non-lawyer, it is beneficial that you can understand the legal parlance because it concerns your rights as a person. Most often, a person who is accused of a crime simply depends his whole life to the hands of a lawyer without understanding the details of the case. This is dangerous and pathetic since a lawyer can just dictate whatever he wants from the accused. Nevertheless, if the accused can also contribute his own basic legal knowledge, he can also feel secure on the developments of his case in court.
Thus, an accused should understand that the laws of evidence prescribe standards to which a fact must be proven in a court proceeding. In civil proceedings, facts must be proved on the balance of probabilities. In a civil case, it is less stressful because it does not carry imprisonment or a bail bond once a person faces a civil suit. However, in criminal proceedings, facts must be proved beyond reasonable doubt, and a person who is charged of a criminal offence, he faces the danger of detainment and his liberty is automatically in danger, hence, a bail bond is needed in certain cases.
The worst scenario in criminal case is when a person is charged of a grave offence where bail bon is not allowed, say in heinous crimes. However, always remember that to be convicted of a criminal offence, the evidence should be beyond reasonable doubt, which means, that there should be no doubt to send a person to jail.
Therefore, in the prosecution of a case, the parties should seek to persuade the court of a fact by producing evidence, which should be sufficient to win his case in court.
We have to understand that not all evidences submitted to court are admissible, since the admissibility of evidence in any court proceedings in order to comply the rules of admissibility of evidence is a very sensitive matter. Hence, if you are accused of a crime, and somebody says that evidence is submitted to convict you, you do not need to panic. The best that you can do is to ask the proper questions what kind of evidence is submitted against you.
Then analyse, and be calm. Have control over the situation and your emotions. If you are not guilty, then, you can easily seek legal help if you have controlled feelings and your mental faculties are not that confused. Most often, accused persons lost their cases because they failed to analyse the situation and find solutions to problems. You might just be making a problem over nothing.
Disclaimer : This article is just a summary of the subject matter being discussed and should not be regarded as a comprehensive legal advice for you to defend yourself alone. If you are charged with criminal offences, it is recommended that you seek legal assistance from criminal lawyers.